Nasal tumors

Nasal and paranasal tumors are abnormal growths that arise in the passages in and around the nose (nasal cavity). Nasal polyps arise in the nasal cavity. Paranasal tumors arise in the air-filled chambers around the nose, known as the paranasal sinuses.

Nasal and paranasal tumors can be noncancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant). There are several types of nasal and paranasal tumors. Knowing the type of tumor helps determine the best treatment for it.


Signs and symptoms of nasal and paranasal tumors include:

  • Difficulty breathing through the nose
  • Loss of sense of smell
  • Nosebleeds
  • Secretion from the nose
  • Pain or swelling in the face
  • Increased secretion of tears in the eyes
  • A sore or lesion on the roof of the mouth
  • Vision problems
  • A lump in your neck
  • Difficulty opening the mouth
  • When do you see a doctor?

Talk to your doctor about any persistent signs and symptoms that worry you.

the reasons

Nasal and paranasal tumors form when a genetic mutation turns normal, healthy cells into abnormal cells. Healthy cells grow and multiply at a set rate, and eventually die at a set time. The abnormal cells grow and multiply out of control, not die. Accumulating abnormal cells as a result of an internal mass (tumor).

If the abnormal cells become cancerous, they may invade nearby tissues and break away from the primary tumor to spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body.

risk factors

Factors that may increase the risk of nasal and paranasal polyps include:

  • Smoking and living with smokers
  • Breathing and inhaling polluted air
  • Long-term exposure to chemicals and air irritants in the workplace, such as wood dust, fumes from glue, alcohol and formaldehyde, dust from flour, chromium and nickel
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases


To reduce your risk of developing tumors in the nose and nearby tissues, you can do the following:

  • Quit smoking. If you don’t smoke, don’t smoke. If you smoke and want to quit, talk to your doctor about strategies that can help you. such as counselling and medication.
  • Protect yourself at work. Follow the safety rules in your workplace to protect yourself from harmful fumes and irritating substances in the air by wearing a full-face mask.